〜develops〜skills






理由1の書き方


まずは以下のパターンが解答に使えるかチェックしてください。



〜は人々の想像力/能力を発達させる

*〜develops people’s imagination


健康な身体を発達させる

〜develops people’s healthy body 

コミュニケーションスキル
〜develops people’s communication skills

コンピュータースキル

〜develops people’s computer skills 


などなど



このパターンが使える質問の場合は、最初に理由として、A〜(問題で問われていること) は、B〜を発達させると書きます。

つまり、

First, A〜(問題で問われていること)( 動詞ingで書くと良いです) develops B〜.

と言う文章を最初に使って、2つ目の文章で、

B 〜is very important for them to live in today’s world.

B〜は今日の世界に生きるためにとても重要だ。

と言う文章を使いましょう。この2つの文章の組み合わせを1つめの理由にすれば良いですね。 




理由2の書き方


1    ~は楽しい/ワクワクする(it is very fun very exciting for  to v))

2   ~には幸せにさせられる((vingmakes them happy


の二文で構成します。


この二文で理由を埋める作戦です。


質問 Do you think students should do more volunteer work?


基本バージョン  


It is very fun for them to do volunteer work.

For example, doing volunteer work makes them happy.


これだけでも良いですが、どんな名詞なのか、誰と一緒にするのか、などを付け加えると説得力がアップしますね

 



応用バージョン

It is very fun for them to do volunteer work.

For example, doing many kinds of interesting volunteer work with their friends makes them happy.


追加ワード

many kinds of いろんな

interesting 面白い(興味深い)

with their friends 友達たちと




問題によってはこれらの定型文では説得力が弱くなる場合もあります。 その場合はシンプルな文章で構いませんので何か説得力のある理由を見つけられたらそれを書いてください。 どんな時でも、英語の文法が正しいかどうかだけじゃなくて、内容がちゃんとしっかりと論理的か考えてください。




解答の定型(書き方)


1)まずは最初に自分の意見をはっきり述べる。


Aパターン)yes/no の質問であれば、

Yes. (またはNo.)と書く。

または

Bパターン)どちらが良いか 〜is better〜 or〜? などの質問であれば、どちらかを選んで、

I think 〜is better.  と書く。


その次に、

2)I have two reasons to support my opinion. 

(これは毎回必ず書く)


3)理由1

First, 〜

4)理由2

Second,〜

5)最後に、Therefore, I believe〜(毎回書く)続けて自分の意見をもう一度完全な文章で繰り返す。



次のようになります。

質問 Do you think〜?


解答

Yes. I have two reasons to support my opinion.

First, 〜〜〜〜.

Second〜〜〜〜.

Therefore, I believe〜〜〜〜.





ーーーーーーーーーーーーーーーーーーーー

ここからは実際に問題を解いてみます。





質問 Do you think more people will enjoy playing sports in the future?


使えそうな言葉 = 健康な体 healthy body 



🤓解答例  Yes. I have two reasons to support my opinion.     First, playing sports develops their healthy body. Healthy body is very important for them to live in today’s world.

Second, it is very fun for them to play sports.  For example, playing sports makes them happy.  Therefore, I believe more people will enjoy playing sports in the future.  56



応用バージョン

🤓解答例   Yes. I have two reasons to support my opinion.     First, playing sports develops their healthy body. Healthy body is very important for them to live in today’s world.

Second, it is very fun for them to play sports.  For example, playing many kinds of exciting sports with their friends makes them happy.  Therefore, I believe more people will enjoy playing sports in the future.  63








Do you think schools should have more sports activities for their students?健康な身体

解答例  Yes. First, there are many things which they can do by playing sports. For example, it develops their healthy body.     問題の主語が学校なので、生徒目線の主語に変える


Do you think young people today should eat more vegetables?  健康な身体


Do you think people should eat breakfast every morning?健康な身体


Do you think more people will eat at home in the future?健康な身体


Do you think people should eat breakfast every morning?健康な身体


Do you think more people will eat at home in the future?健康な身体


Do you think children should spend more time playing outdoors?健康な体

Do you think it is better for junior high schools to offer school lunches to the students?健康な体Healthy body     問題の主語が学校なので、生徒目線の話しに変える



🤓解答例  Yes. I have two reasons to support my opinion.  First, eating school lunch develops students’ healthy body.   Healthy body is very important for them to live in today’s world.

Second, it is very fun for them to eat school lunch.

For example, eating school lunch makes them happy.

Therefore, I believe it is better for junior high schools to offer school lunches to the students. (65語)


応用バージョン

🤓解答例  Yes. I have two reasons to support my opinion.  First, eating school lunch develops students’ healthy body.   Healthy body is very important for them to live in today’s world.

Second, it is very fun for them to eat school lunch.

For example, eating many kinds of delicious school lunch with their friends makes them happy.

Therefore, I believe it is better for junior high schools to offer school lunches to the students. (72語)







質問 Many people enjoy watching sports games, especially during the Olympics and the World Cup. Do you like to watch sports games?

使えそうな言葉 = 想像力



🤓解答例  Yes. I have two reasons to support my opinion.  First, watching sports games develops my imagination.

imagination is very important for me to live in today’s world.

Second, it is very fun for me to watch sports games.  For example, watching sports games makes me happy. Therefore, I  like to watch sports games.


応用バージョン

🤓解答例  Yes. I have two reasons to support my opinion.  First, watching sports games develops my imagination.

imagination is very important for me to live in today’s world.

Second, it is very fun for me to watch sports games with my family.  For example, watching many kinds of exciting sports games with my brothers and sisters at home makes me happy.

Therefore, I  like to watch sports games.







質問 Do you think traveling by car is better than traveling by train?どちらを選んだとしても想像力が発達させられるでオッケー  主語に人がないのでpeopleなどと書く


🤓解答例  I think traveling by car is betterI have two reasons to support my opinion.  First, traveling by car develops people's imagination. Imagination is very important for them to live in today’s world.
Second, it is very fun for them to travel by car.  For example, traveling by car 
makes them happy.  Therefore, I believe  traveling by car is better.  59


応用バージョン
🤓解答例  I think traveling by car is betterI have two reasons to support my opinion.  First, traveling by car develops people's imagination. Imagination is very important for them to live in today’s world.
Second, it is very fun for them to travel by car.  For example, traveling by car 
with their family and friends to many kinds of interesting places makes them happy.  Therefore, I believe  traveling by car is better.  70





Do you think more people will carry digital cameras everywhere in the future?想像力

Do you think going camping is a good way to relax?想像力

Do you think high school students spend too much time watching TV?想像力

These days, some people take language lessons on the Internet. Do you think more people will do so in the future?コミニケーション能力または想像力

Do you think more people will take pictures with cell phones in the future?想像力

Do you think towns and cities should have more libraries?本を読むことから想像力または読む能力


Do you think watching movies at theaters is better than watching them at home?
劇場で見る方が良い 想像力

Do you think parents should let their children play video games?想像力ゲームをすることで


Do you think students should read a newspaper more often?読む力または想像力

Do you think art museums are good places for school children to learn about art?想像力

Many people enjoy visiting different kinds of museums, such as science museums and art museums. Do you often go to museums?想像力







Do you think it is important for students to learn how to give presentations at school?

コミニケーション能力または喋る能力Speaking skills


🤓解答例 Yes. I have two reasons to support my opinion. First, learning how to give presentations develops their communication skills. Communication skills are very important for them to live in today's world.

Second, it is very fun for them to learn how to give presentations at school.  For example, learning how to give presentations at school makes them happy.  Therefore, I believe it is important for students to learn how to give presentations at school.  





応用バージョン

🤓解答例 Yes. I have two reasons to support my opinion. First, learning how to give presentations develops their communication skills. Communication skills are very important for them to live in today's world.

Second, it is very fun for them to learn how to give presentations at school.  For example, learning how to give many kinds of presentations at school with their friends makes them happy.  Therefore, I believe it is important for students to learn how to give presentations at school.  







Do you think that reading comic books is good for children? 

想像力または読解力 読む能力


🤓解答例   Yes. I have two reasons to support my opinion.  First, reading comic books develops their imagination.

Imagination is very important for them to live in today’s world.

Second, it is very fun for them to read comic books.  For example, reading comic books makes them happy.  Therefore, I believe reading comic books is good for children.  


応用バージョン

🤓解答例   Yes. I have two reasons to support my opinion.  First, reading comic books develops their imagination.

Imagination is very important for them to live in today’s world.

Second, it is very fun for them to read comic books.  For example, reading many kinds of interesting comic books with their friends and family makes them happy.  Therefore, I believe reading comic books is good for children.  






Do you think more foreign people will come to Japan in the future

使えそうな言葉 = 日本語を話す能力またはコミニケーション能力または想像力


Do you think students should take part in club activities at school?

コミニケーション能力

解答例  Yes. First, there are many things which they can do by taking part in club activities. For example, it develops their communication skills.


Do you think it is better for students to study alone or in a group?

グループで勉強することでコミニケーション能力


Do you think more people in foreign countries will study the Japanese language in the future? 言語を勉強することでコミニケーション能力


Do you think young people should go abroad?コミニケーション能力または英語を話す能力または想像力

Do you think more Japanese people will spend their vacations in foreign countries in the future?コミニケーション能力


Do you think it is a good idea for schools to take their students to foreign countries on school trips?英語を話す能力またはコミニケーション能力または想像力


Do you think more Japanese tourists will visit foreign countries in the future?コミニケーション能力または英語を話す能力または想像力


Do you think children should learn more about good manners at home?コミニケーション能力



These days, some people take language lessons on the Internet. Do you think more people will do so in the future?コミニケーション能力


Do you think students should learn more about giving presentations?コミニケーション能力または喋る能力


Do you think students should do more volunteer work in their communities?コミニケーション能力


Many people do different kinds of volunteer work. Would you like to do some volunteer work?コミニケーション能力


Do you think more people will join club activities in school?コミニケーション能力




Today, people use the internet in many ways. Do you often use the internet?コンピューター能力またはインターネット能力

Do you think students should have more time to use computers at school?コンピューター能力


Do you think more people will go to computer schools to learn how to use computers in the future? コンピューター能力


Do you think computers will be used in more classes at school in the future?

コンピューター能力

Do you think it is good for children to use the Internet? コンピューター能力またはインターネット能力







ここから下の質問は、〜develops〜skills を使うと、多少こじつけ感があるので他のパターンで解答してみましょう


ただし、本番でどうしても難しいなと思ったら (  )内の表現を使って、develop で解答しても構いません。








〜する時間の無い人々がたくさんいる。〜することで時間を節約できる。パターン

Do you think more people will buy things on the Internet in the future? (developで行くならinternet skillsやimaginationなど)

解答例 Yes. I have two reasons to support my opinion.  First, there are many people who do not have time to go shopping. They can save time by buying things on the internet.  



Do you think more Japanese people will use e-mail for New Year’s greetings in the future?

(developで行くならe-mail skills など)

解答例 Yes. I have two reasons to support my opinion.  First, there are many people who do not have time to write New Year's greeting cards. They can save time by sending e-mail for New Year's greetings.  


Do you think drinks in plastic bottles will be more popular in the future? (これはdevelopは無理がありそうです

解答例 Yes. I have two reasons to support my opinion.  First, there are many people who do not have time to carry personal bottles.  They can save time by buying drinks in plastic bottles.  


Do you think more people will eat fast food in the future?

(これはdevelopは無理がありそうです

解答例 Yes. I have two reasons to support my opinion.  First, there are many people who do not have time to cook healthy food.  They can save time by eating fast food.



質問 Do you think it is important for children to do house work? (developで行くならhealthy bodyやhouse work skillsなど)

🤓解答例 Yes. I have two reasons to support my opinion.  First, there are many parents who do not have time to do housework.  

If their children help them, they can save time. Second, it is very fun for children to do many kinds of house work with their family. For example, doing house work with their brothers and sisters makes them happy.
Therefore, I believe it is important for children to do house work. 

Do you think children should help their parents at home?

解答例 上記と同じ



〜するお金の無い人々がたくさんいる〜することでお金を節約できる。パターン


Do you think that ,in the future,more people will buy used products such as used books and CDs? 

(developで行くならmoney saving skillsやenvironment protection skillsなど)解答例 Yes. I have two reasons to support my opinion.  First, there are many people who do not have money to buy new products.  They can save money by buying used products.


Do you think more people will buy used clothes, such as used jackets and shirts, in the future?

解答例 上記と同じ



質問 Today, many people enjoy buying and selling things at flea markets. Do you often go to flea markets to buy things?  (developで行くならmoney saving skillsやenvironment protection skillsなど) 🤓解答例   Yes. I have two reasons to support my opinion.  First, I do not have money to buy new products.  However,(butでも良い) I can save money by buying used products at flea markets. 

Second, it is very fun for me to buy many kinds of interesting things at flea market.  For example, buying things at many kinds of flea market with my friends makes me happy.  Therefore, I often go to flea market to buy things










〜し始める人が増えてきている。彼らは〜するだろう。パターン

More and more people are beginning to 〜  They will 〜.



質問 Do you think more people will have pets in the future? 

(developで行くならcommunication skillsなど) 🤓解答例  Yes.  I have two reasons to support my opinion.  First, more and more people are beginning to live alone.  They will want to have pets.  Second, it is very fun for them to have many kinds of interesting pets.  For example, having cute pets with their family makes them happy.  Therefore, I believe more people will have pets in the future.  61



質問 Do you think people will spend more money on cell phones in the future? 

(developで行くならimaginationやsmart phone skillsなど)

🤓解答例  Yes.  I have two reasons to support my opinion.  First, more and more people are beginning to do many kinds of exciting things with their smartphones.  They will want to buy good smartphones.  Second, it is very fun for them to use smartphones.  For example using great smartphones with their friends everyday makes them happy.  Therefore, I believe people will spend more money on cell phones in the future.  71


質問 Do you think the number of Japanese people who live abroad will increase in the future? 

(developで行くならcommunication skillsや imaginationなど)

🤓解答例  Yes.  I have two reasons to support my opinion.  First, more and more people are beginning to learn English.  They will want to live abroad.  Second, it is very fun for them to live abroad.  For example, living in many kinds of exciting countries with their friends and family makes them happy.  Therefore, I believe the number of Japanese people who live abroad will increase in the future.  68



質問 Do you think coffee will become more popular than other drinks in the future? コーヒーを飲むことは、コーヒーの産地のことを考えるきっかけになるからimagination をdevelopさせると言えばアリかもしれません)

🤓解答例  Yes. First, more and more people are beginning to watch American movies.  They love coffee because many American people drink coffee in movies.

Second, it is very fun for them to drink coffee with their friends and family in many kinds of places. For example,  drinking many kinds of delicious coffee everyday at home makes them happy.  Therefore, I believe coffee will become more popular than other drinks in the future. 71


〜の重要さに気づき始めた人がたくさんいる。
質問  Do you think students should do more to help the environment? (developは無理そうです)

🤓解答例  Yes. First, more and more people are beginning to realize the importance of protecting the environment.  Helping the environment is very important to live in today's world.  Second, it is very fun for them to help the environment with their friends and family. For example, helping the environment everyday in their community makes them happy.  Therefore, I believe students should do more to help the environment. 67語



質問 Do you think more people will drive electric cars in the future? (developで行くならenvironment protection skillsなど)

🤓解答例  Yes. First, more and more people are beginning to realize the importance of protecting the environment. If they drive electric cars, they can protect the environment.

Second, it is very fun for them to drive electric cars with their friends and family.  For example, driving electric cars everyday in their community makes them happy.  Therefore, I believe more people will drive electric cars in the future. 66語



質問 Do you think it is better for schools to offer a lot of homework to students? 

(developは難しいですね)

🤓解答例  Yes. First, more and more students are beginning to realize the importance of homework.  There are many things which they can learn by doing homework.  Second, it is very fun for them to do 

homework.  For example, doing many kinds of interesting homework everyday with their friends makes them happy.  Therefore, I believe it is better for schools to offer a lot of homework to students. 66語


質問 Do you think more Japanese sports players will go abroad to play for foreign teams? 

(developを使わない場合)

🤓解答例  Yes. First, more and more Japanese sports players are beginning to realize the importance of playing in high level environment.   If they want to become a better player, they will go abroad to play for foreign teams.

Second, it is very fun for them to live abroad. For example, living in many kinds of interesting countries with their family makes them happy.  Therefore, I believe more Japanese sports players will go abroad to play for foreign teams.  

77語


(少々強引にdevelopで書いて見る場合)

🤓解答例  Yes. I have two reasons to support my opinion.First, playing for foreign teams develops their sports skills. Sports skills are very important for them to win. Second, it is very fun for them to live abroad. For example, living in many kinds of interesting countries with their family makes them happy.  Therefore, I believe more Japanese sports players will go abroad to play for foreign teams.  









〜な人がたくさんいる。彼らは〜するだろう。パターン



質問 Do you think more people will make cookies and cakes at home in the future? 

(developで行くならhealthy bodyなど)

🤓解答例 Yes, First, there are many people who want to be healthy. They can become healthy by making healthy cookies and cakes at home.   Second, it is very fun for them to make many kinds of sweets at home.  

For example, making delicious cookies and cakes with their family makes them happy.  Therefore, I believe more people will make cookies and cakes at home in the future66語



質問 Do you think more supermarkets will stay open 24 hours a day in the future? (developは厳しいです)

🤓解答例 Yes, First, there are many people who work late at night.  If supermarkets stay open 24 hours a day, they can go shopping there anytime.     Second, it is very fun for them to buy many kinds of things in many kinds of 24 hour supermarkets. For example, buying things late at night with their friends every night makes them happy.  Therefore, I believe more supermarkets will stay open 24 hours a day in the future75



質問 Do you think students today have enough time to relax? (developは無理っぽいですね)

🤓解答例 No.  First, there are many students who take many lessons after school.  For example, they go to English lessons or piano lessons.  Second, there are many things which they have to do on weekends too. For example, they have to do club activities everyday.   

Therefore, I believe  students today do not have enough time to relax.  57語




質問 Do you think schools should teach children about how to use money? (developで行くならmoney skillsなど。

 teaching children about how to use money develops their money skills)

🤓解答例 Yes.  First, there are many children who do not know how to use money.  They can save money by learning how to use money.   Second, it is very fun for them to learn how to use money at school. For example, learning how to use money with their friends everyday makes them happy.  Therefore, I believe schools should teach children about how to use money. 65語




その他のパターンなど



質問 Do you think it is a good idea to listen to music while studying?  注意!主語に人が出てこないので、解答にはpeople などを使うこと。 

(developで行くならimaginationなど)🤓解答例 Yes. First, listening to music while studying is very useful for people to relax.  If they relax, they can study hard.  Second, it is very fun for them to listen to music while studying. For example, listening to many kinds of beautiful music while studying makes them happy.   Therefore, I believe it is a good idea to listen to music while studying.
63語



質問 Do you think it is better for people to live in a house or in an apartment? 

(developで行くならアパートを選んで、他の住人がいるので、communication skillsなど)

🤓解答例

I think house is better.

I have two reasons to support my opinion.

  First, there are many things which they can do by living in a house.   For example,they can have a barbecue or grow flowers in the garden.   Second, it is very fun for them to live in a house. For example, living in a nice house with family and pets makes them happy.  Therefore, I believe house is better.

解答欄に収まる範囲であれば、70語を超えるぐらいになってもかまいません。